Plantar fasciitis is a common issue that causes pain in the heels, possibly becoming so extreme that it interferes with your ability to go about your daily routine. Plantar fasciitis affects the plantar fascia, a piece of tissue in the sole of the foot.
Causes of Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia becomes overstretched or torn. As this part of the foot becomes inflamed, it can result in further injury.
How to Avoid Plantar Fasciitis
Of course, one of the key factors to avoiding plantar fasciitis is to take care of your feet. This is important because the natural arch of your feet need support. These tips will help you prevent injury to your plantar fascia.
Wear supportive shoes that fit well over the entire foot -- not just on the toes. You should replace your shoes anytime the heels begin to feel worn down. Uneven heels can prevent support your foot needs.
Wear shoes. Going barefoot all the time can increase the risk of damaging ligaments in your foot. It is important to maintain the arch.
When you exercise, make sure to warm up first and follow it up with a cool down. Stretching after your workout will bring your body back down, and warming up with a walk can certainly help.
How to Treat Plantar Fasciitis
Ice the injury as soon as you feel the pain in your heel. You can also use a frozen bottle of water to roll against the bottom of your foot. In the meantime, get some rest with your feet elevated.
Your doctor may recommend using crutches and other types of support to reduce pain and swelling in your foot. You should also stay off your foot for a few days.
If you still feel pain in your foot, make sure you see a specialist or doctor right away. This is especially important if you have a history of plantar fasciitis. Your doctor can put together a recommended treatment plan or even suggest that you order custom orthotics.
Some prescription medications may aid with the pain caused by plantar fasciitis. These include mild pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications. Steroid injections may also be helpful. If you are considering these types of treatments, get in touch with your doctor to learn more about your options.
Most importantly, do not ignore the pain in your heel. It can become much worse, preventing you from work and physical activity. Contact an office like Cortez Foot & Ankle Specialists for more information and assistance.